Brain, Information Processing and Problem Solving
Neurons in our brains connect with each other via neurotransmitters to exchange information and transmit messages. Each neuron has multiple connections with each other. Similar functioning neurons group together and connect with other groups to co-ordinate brains functioning. They exist as neuronal circuits and functions as such to perform brains multiple activities. It is like cities with multiple highways. The vast neuronal pathway in the brain goes to form its information processing system. This system serves a vital role in gathering information from various parts of the brain, assigning meaning to a stimulus and gathering ones thoughts together.
Learning takes place with each experience we encounter. All of these experiences are stored in brains short term and long term memory. When activated by similar experiences in the future we can recall them to our conscious memory. The part of our memory that deals with day to day problems is called working memory. Working memory is small and its ability to hold events are limited. We utilize our working memory to deal with problems as they appear on a daily basis. When problems are taken care of they are dispatched to the brains long term memory for storage.
Problem solving is a methodical process. Since space is limited, problems must not be allowed to accumulate and clutter the working memory. They must be prioritized and gradually fed through the memory. For good problem solving, relevant information must be obtained. Brain uses its information processing system to gather the necessary information requested to problem solve. Stressors and emotional deregulation can significantly interfere with this process and impair the brains problem solving ability.